Saturday, March 04, 2006

Social Dominance Orientation And Conservative Identity Politics (Pt4 in the Series)

While RWA is associated with group prejudice in various ways, that was not its specific focus. It is the conformity with authority that is its core focus. The willingness to discriminate against or attack members of a stigmatized group is one dimension in which this is expressed.

We now turn to a second factor that is also strongly associated with group prejudice. However, unlike RWA, it has group prejudice as its central focus. That factor is known as Social Dominance Orientation (SDO). Because it, too, is correlated with political conservatism, it provides further evidence that conservatism functions as a form of identity politics, and gives further evidence of how this works. SDO is also part of a more comprehensive theory which focuses attention on how hierarchical structures and values endure, while rationales may change—or even directly contradict what people actually believe. This last is a crucial point when addressing the persistent fictions that “real conservatives” support balanced budgets, states rights, “judicial restraint,” etc., despite repeated evidence to the contrary.

SDO Introduced

SDO is considered to be “the degree to which individuals desire and support group-based hierarchy and the dominance of ‘inferior’ groups by ‘superior’ groups.” It is an orientation that encompasses a whole range of group biases, based on age, gender, race, ethnicity, nationality or religion. It is one aspect of Social Dominance Theory (SDT), a theory that places individual SDO into a larger context which serves to explain the maintenance and perpetuation of hierarchically-structured societies. This includes factors contributing to SDO, as well as results following from SDO.

SDT argues for a common basis for a wide range of group prejudice, while not denying the role of specific factors as well. It also argues for an asymmetry between dominant and subordinate groups. While prejudice can go both ways, prejudice favoring dominant groups over subordinate groups is the defining rule in how hierarchical societies are structured. It has pervasive realworld consequences.

SDO is measured using the SDO scale, developed during the 1980s and 1990s by Jim Sidanius, Felicia Pratto and colleagues. Their book Social Dominance: An Intergroup Theory of Social Hierarchy and Oppression is the source for the vast majority of information in this post—though some extrapolations are mine. The SDO scale went though a number of refinements, but contains similar statements, words or phrases to be responded to, such as “winning is more important than how the game is played,” “to get ahead in life it is sometimes necessary to step on other groups of people,” and “social equality between groups.”

SDO has been found to correlate with negative attitudes toward low-status groups such as: women, poor people, Blacks, Hispanics, Asians, Democrats, Hispanic civil rights groups and Black civil rights groups. It has been found to correlate with positive attitudes toward high-status groups such as: whites, Republicans, business executives, and politicians.

SDO has also been found to correlate with a number of legitimating ideologies or beliefs, including: racism/ethnic prejudice, sexism, nationalism, cultural elitism, patriotism, political conservatism, Protestant work ethic, and the rejection of noblesse oblige. It also correlated with attributing poverty to the internal failings of poor people, and rejecting the role of external conditions.

Social Dominance Theory: Basic Outline

SDT begins with the empirical observation that surplus-producing social systems have a three-fold group-based hierarchy structure: age-based, gender-based and “arbitrary set-based,” which can include race, class, caste, ethnicity, religious affiliation, etc. Age-based hierarchies invariably give more power to adults and middle-age people than children and younger adults, and gender-based hierarchies invariable grant more power to men than women, but arbitrary-set hierarchies—though quite resilient—are truly arbitrary. There is no pre-set formula for what groups will become dominant.

SDT is based on three primary assumptions:
  1. While age- and gender-based hierarchies will tend to exist within all social systems, arbitrary-set systems of social hierarchy will invariably emerge within social systems producing sustainable economic surpluses.
  2. Most forms of group conflict and oppression (e.g., racism, ethnocentrisim, sexism, nationalism, classicism, regionalism) can be regarded as different manifestations of the same basic human predisposition to form group-based hierarchies.
  3. Human social systems are subject to the counterbalancing influences of hierarchy-enhancing (HE) forces, producing and maintaining ever higher levels of group-based social inequality, and hierarchy-attenuating (HA) forces, producing greater levels of group-based social equality.

Four factors contribute to SDO: group status, gender, socialization and temperament. In turn, SDO affects acceptance of influential “legitimating myths” (LMs)—whether hierarchy enhancing (HE) or hierarchy attenuating (HA). LMs are defined as “values, attitudes, beliefs, causal attributions, and ideologies that provide moral and intellectual justification for social practices that either increase, maintain, or decrease levels of social inequality among social groups.” The HE-LMs provide support for social polcies that in turn sustain group-based social hierarchies through three mechanisms: individual discrimination (personal decision-making), institutional discrimination (rules and procedures with biased outcomes, intentional or not) and behavioral asymmetry (various ways that subordinate groups participate in their own subjugation).

SDO And Liberal/Conservative Ideology

SDT, and the correlation between SDO and conservatism, is strongly compatible with the fundamental relationship between liberalism, egalitarianism, and social progress extending over the past 500+ years—all of which conservatism has opposed.

The rise of egalitarian values has had a profound effect on the nature of modern societies. Because we live in a nominally egalitarian society, Sidanius and Pratto note, there is a need for “plausible deniability, or the ability to practice discrimination, while at the same time denying that any discrimination is actually taking place.” This need is not limited to specific practices, it is generalized to encompass entire political philosophies.

Indeed, the connection between liberalism and egalitarianism has been the focus of fierce conservative propaganda for the past 40+ years. The rhetoric of a “liberal media” and “liberal elite” is part of this attack on the egalitarian thrust of liberalism. But a large part of the juice comes from the dramatic power-shift of the 1960s, when legal segregation and the legal subjugation of women were both dealt crippling blows.

The loss of racial and gender privilege was a traumatic event—especially, but not exclusively, for those most privileged: white males. But it was also traumatic for others who strongly identified with the existing social order, even if it did not objectively favor them, or even treat them fairly. There are at least two mechanisms—one psychodynamic, the other cognitive-developmental—that can help explain why women and blacks could also be traumatized, which we will discuss later in this series.

For now, we can simply say that the pre-existing system, however unequal it was, was taken to be fundamentally just by a wide range of people—on the assumption, key to SDO, that some folks are better than others, and they were simply getting what was just. Hence, any change in it was taken to be an attack on the moral order—which, indeed, is how the right has always characterized the 1960s. (Of course, they dare not say—sometimes even to themselves—what they really think: that it was the uppity blacks and uppity women who spoiled everything. So they talk about sex, drugs, crime and rock ‘n roll. This is an example of displacement.)

We have already seen evidence of this earlier in this series—in the numbers of people who said that blacks had too much power back in 1964, for example. And we saw that this belief was strongly correlated with the hard core of conservatism—operational conservatism.

Affirmative action was a particularly fruitful flash point for a conservative counter-attack, because it provides a means to ostensibly argue for equality, and to argue against a policy that is widely identified with liberalism. Hence, if liberals support affirmative action, the argument goes, they are clearly opposed to equal treatment.

As it turns out, SDO is particularly helpful in piercing this mythology, which the book, Social Dominance, does with some thoroughness.

On the one hand, the authors give us a dose of reality, reviewing the international literature on affirmative action. A survey of 19 job audit studies in 5 countries found evidence of discrimination against subordinate groups (in the U.S., blacks and Latinos) in every single study, despite the presence of affirmative action in one form or another. These are general audit studies, which look at how people looking for jobs are treated. A Dutch study, looking specifically at how affirmative action programs work, found that an affirmative action rule favoring minorities outright—a standard deemed unconstitutional in the U.S. since 1977—only succeeded in producing a true level playing field, not a tilt in favor of minorities.

Thus, all the scientific evidence shows that the folk belief is false. Affirmative action really is an egalitarian social policy, not reverse discrimination.

On the other hand, the authors examine how SDO relates to arguments against affirmative action. Not surprisingly, Pratto and Sidanius found that opposition to affirmative action correlates with SDO. Those opposed to affirmative action are more likely to favor dominance of some groups over others, despite their egalitarian rhetoric to the contrary. (Remember, this is a statistical finding about group attitudes. It says nothing about any specific individual.)

However, Pratto and Sidanius go further, and examine the role of specific beliefs used to justify attitudes toward affirmative action. They found that SDO correlates with seemingly egalitarian rationales. First, the beliefs that “Affirmative action will increase racial conflict.” Second, the belief that “Affirmative action just increases the idea that certain groups are not as good as others.”

Some who offer these rationales for opposing affirmative action could be sincere—those scoring low in SDO. But statistically, these arguments come far more often from people who agree that “in getting what you want, it is sometimes necessary to use force against other groups.” In other words, these arguments are strategies of denial and propaganda far more often than they are sincere arguments expressing the values people actually hold.

This discussion about SDO and affirmative action is really just the tip of the iceberg, in ways that Social Dominance suggests, but does not follow up. Sidanius and Pratto are justifiably focused on laying out how their theory elucidates what see in our present-day hierarchical society with egalitarian pretensions, with occasional attention to other societies as well. By itself, this is a tremendous accomplishment. But they say very little about how their theory can elucidate social change—both how progress is achieved, and how comes to be contained. And here, their theory has enormous explanatory potential, as their discussion of affirmative action suggests. SDT and SDO provide a perspective, as well as analytic tools that can be brought to bear to help dissect how new hierarchicy enhancing narratives and justifications are developed and advanced in an environment that ostensibly rejects the very values they serve.

The next post in this series will examine this process more closely, and show how it furthers the argument that conservatism is not, fundamentally, an ideology, but a form of identity politics. It is composed of narratives repeatedly refashioned to rejustify hierarchy after old positions have proved untenable. While the outward appearance of these narratives is ideological, their inner substance, function and purpose is the preservation of hierarchy, and the method is the narrative creation of fictive identities whose very being is bound to the hierarchies in whose interests they are created.

The discussion about SDO and affirmative action is exemplary of a much wider phenomena in a contemporary sense as well. There is a vast abundance of information showing that women and minorities are subject to unequal treatment (discussed in some detail by Sidanius and Pratto) but this information is routinely marginalized in public discourse. The ways in which this is done are themselves examples of how hierarchy is preserved through the institutional control of information, which is a crucial component of social power, without which organized social change is extremely difficult. The suppression of such information then allows privileged groups to portray themselves as victims of unequal treatment, and champions of equality against their “oppressors”—including, of course, liberals as oppressors of freedom-loving conservatives.

Thus, it comes to pass that narratives of “unqualified minorities” advancing are everywhere, reinforcing conservative’s sense that “everyone knows” this is the way it is, while empirical studies proving the exact opposite are virtually never mentioned, even by occasional liberal commentators. Those who actually know the facts come to feel awkward, and ashamed to simply tell the truth. This is the social dynamic of self-policing state of repression, in which, ironically, everyone feels repressed, liberal and conservative alike, although for quite different reasons.

Supporting this process is the background assumption of group superiority embodied in SDO, as well as related attitudinal structures, to be discussed in a later post. But the influence of SDO is not limited to dominant groups.

SDO And Consensual Legitimating Myths

A key facet of SDT is the role played by consensual beliefs shared by dominant and subordinate groups. Indeed, Sidanius and Pratto see such beliefs as crucial in the maintenance of hierarchy. When subordinate groups cease to believe the myths that legitimate dominant power, dominant groups are increasingly pressed to either resort to force, or grant concessions. This happens in part because rejection and resistance by subordinate groups is echoed by dissention within dominant groups, refusing to support the use of violence. The authors cite as examples the Algerian war of independence, and the American civil rights movement. They point out that black acceptance of segregation was key to its survival. While the majority of blacks never accepted a large body of white racist ideology, they did accept assumptions about social power, and did internalize a good deal of negative self-images that prevented the emergence of a mass movement for decades, until those beliefs were successfully challenged within the black community.

Although they do not mention it, a similar process took place in the early 1800s, when the relatively small free black community developed an opposition to the dominant white ideology of the time—colonization. Colonization was supposed to “solve” America’s race problem by shipping all blacks back to Africa. It was never a serious solution, but it was politically convenient because it provided common ground for northern and southern whites in a theoretical fantasy. The development of organized opposition within the black community, expressed in the counter-ideology of abolitionism, was the precursor to the development of white abolitionist activism.

Thus, subordinate acceptance or rejection of HE-LMs is a crucial matter. To a very large extent, hierarchies are preserved through the subordinates’ acceptance of ideological myths directly damaging to them. Sidanius and Pratto refer to the underlying phenomena as “consensual SDO” and the related HE-LMs as “consensual” LMs, such as “consensual racism.”

For example, they note the results of a 1997 Gallup Poll, which asked whether blacks in their communities had the same chance as whites to get any kind of job, to get equal education or equal housing. The numbers believing in equal chances were:

Equal chance re jobs:
    White: 79%
    Black: 46%

Equal chance re education:
    White: 79%
    Black: 63%

Equal chance re housing:
    White: 86%
    Black: 58%

While Gallup focused on the difference in beliefs, Sidanius and Pratto call attention to (1) the large majorities of whites who mistakenly believe equal opportunity exists and (2) the large numbers of blacks who agree, despite their own direct experience, or knowledge of friends’ and family’s experience. They then go on to develop the more general argument that consensual SDO—shared by dominant and subdominant groups alike—plays a dominant role in legitimating hierarchical social policies.

They report the results of a large Texas study in which attitudes towards classical racism and sexism were studied. People were asked “Which of the following objects, statements, or events do you have a positive or negative feeling toward?” The classical racism scale items such as “racial equality,” “a Back president of the USA,” “white superiority,” “Mexican immigrants,” etc. The classical sexism scale included items such as “a real man should avoid showing emotion,” “most feminists are a little too aggressive,” “traditional sex roles,” “women supervisors,” “male nurses,” etc. While whites scored higher than minorities and men scored higher than women, these differences were relatively small compared to the level of agreement: 13% of the variance in racism scores was due to race, while 22% of the variance in sexism scores was due to gender. A similar study, with similar results was done using a Soviet sample as well.

[Note: This is consistent with some data presented (but not analyzed) earlier in this series—the degree to which conservatives and liberals agree on social spending. It is not surprising from a social science perspective, but it does go strongly against common beliefs, which assume a far more unified group perspective than actually exists on virtually any subject.]

Sidanius and Pratto go on to provide data from their studies, showing correlations between consensual SDO and LMs on the one hand, and opposition to redistributive social policies on the other. Political conservatism was one of the LMs in their study. This is important to note, since it reminds us once again that RWA and SDO are present across all political lines. They are simply present more intensely among conservatives.

More significant is the different functions of these factors among different groups. One example is what’s called outgroup favoritism--the tendency of subordinate groups to prefer the dominant group over their own. This tendency runs counter to the tendency toward ingroup favoritism found in classic ethnocentrism, for example. In contrast, amongst dominant groups, the two tendencies reinforce. Outgroup favoritism among blacks has declined significantly since the pre-Civil Rights era, and has even vanished by some measures. But a basic comparative relationship remains unchanged, as Sidanius and Pratto note, reporting the results of one large study: “[I]ronically, the more that dominants (Whites) believed U.S. society to be free of racial discrimination, the more they actually showed ingroup bias in favor of their racial ingroup. The opposite pattern was found among the two groups of subordinates. [Latinos and blacks]”

This finding is worth reflecting on a bit. As Sidanius and Pratto show in some detail, there is overwhelming evidence that the U.S. is not free of racial discrimination. So the tendency to believe it is free of discrimination is a tendency toward denial, for both dominants and subordinates. Yet, if it were the case, then the tendency among subordinates would be straightforwardly rational—the absence of discrimination would remove the need for stronger group ties, and make positive attitudes toward others a net good, since such feelings would generally be reciprocated from a larger and wider range of people.

OTOH, the tendency among dominants doesn’t make the same sort sense in terms of the non-discriminatory fantasy—unless one adds the sorts of beliefs that surround affirmative action. That is, increased ingroup favoritism makes perfect sense if one feels that there is no discrimination, but minorities are getting ahead via false claims that it persists. This is, of course, precisely the sort of narcissistic self-pity that is cultivated to keep the white backlash alive decades after the Civil Rights Movement.

The above offers yet another perspective on why conservatives are more cohesive, and have stronger feelings of group superiority, as well as persecution. Furthermore, the fact that whites have higher SDO, but that cross-racial consensual SDO is stronger than SDO differences between races, helps illuminate how SDO contributes to political conservatism as a form of identity politics centered around whiteness, but not limited to whites. The same goes for maleness, Christianity, and heterosexuality.

SDO and RWA

At one point, Altemeyer examined SDO and RWA together. His paper summarizing this comparative investigation provides a concise comparison of the two factors in their starkest terms. Altemeyer wrote:
    “Right-wing authoritarians...seem to be highly prejudiced mainly because they were raised to travel in tight, ethnocentric circles, and they fear that authority and conventions are crumbling so quickly that civilization will collapse and they will be eaten in the resulting jungle. In contrast, High SDOs already see life as ‘dog eat dog’ and—compared with most people—are determined to do the eating.”
Altemeyer was describing the core logic behind the two factors, expressed in terms of the extremes. While relatively few people actually think this way either purely or consciously, the core logic influences us profoundly in many ways, even if we would forcefully reject such a bald statement of what it ultimately stands for.

The two factors correlate moderately with each other, as one might expect given that RWA includes authoritarian aggression, defined as “A general aggressiveness, directed against various persons, that is perceived to be sanctioned by established authorities.” Their interactions appear to be quite complex, as preliminary studies using different sorts of sample populations show different patterns of causal influences. But one thing is strikingly clear: between the two of them, they account for the biggest chunk of group prejudice. While other factors may play some role, no factor that is unrelated to them is anywhere close to them in level of importance.

This is also why I have chosen to highlight them in this series. To the extent that conservatism functions as a group identity, defined in opposition to inferior others, the most logical and economical explanation for it would rely on the same mechanisms that are at work underlying group prejudice in general. This assumption receives additional support from the fact that both RWA and SDO are correlated with political conservatism.

However, they are not the only psychological factors that have been found to be associated with conservatism. After the next post—which, as promised, expands on the example of affirmative action discussed above—the following post in this series will take a broader look at the most comprehensive effort so far to integrate all the findings out there into a single model. When it was published, it caused quite an uproar, which was, in its own way, as illuminating as the study itself.

59 Comments:

At 2:18 PM, Blogger DavidByron said...

To a very large extent, hierarchies are preserved through the subordinates’ acceptance of ideological myths directly damaging to them.

A good example would be the way males in America have been trained to accept the dominant feminist myth of male "power" in a society where women live longer, are better educated, spend more money, have better legal rights and are respected and protected more while men are incarcerated ten times as often.

As you point out, eventually, those who dominate often create myths of their own powerlessness and because of their power these myths can become dominant. What you fail to address is how to tell the difference.

 
At 7:27 PM, Blogger Paul Rosenberg said...

Your self-parody is as flawless as ever, David.

 
At 6:56 AM, Anonymous Anonymous said...

Why Not

The Wonderful Draught of Fishes Stories from the New Testament That Mothers
Can Tell Their Children http://biblestory.spiritualideas.com/index.htm

 
At 12:22 PM, Anonymous Anonymous said...

russian single

 
At 6:07 AM, Anonymous Anonymous said...

I found this site using [url=http://google.com]google.com[/url] And i want to thank you for your work. You have done really very good site. Great work, great site! Thank you!

Sorry for offtopic

 
At 2:56 AM, Anonymous Anonymous said...

Who knows where to download XRumer 5.0 Palladium?
Help, please. All recommend this program to effectively advertise on the Internet, this is the best program!

 
At 8:39 AM, Anonymous Anonymous said...

Hello!!! patternsthatconnect.blogspot.com is one of the most excellent informational websites of its kind. I enjoy reading it every day. Keep it that way.

 
At 12:52 AM, Anonymous Anonymous said...

The author of patternsthatconnect.blogspot.com has written an excellent article. You have made your point and there is not much to argue about. It is like the following universal truth that you can not argue with: Prodding a fire with a stick makes you feel manly. Thanks for the info.

 
At 3:06 AM, Anonymous Anonymous said...

[u][b]Xrumer[/b][/u]

[b]Xrumer SEO Professionals

As Xrumer experts, we secure been using [url=http://www.xrumer-seo.com]Xrumer[/url] for a large leisure conditions and grasp how to harness the enormous power of Xrumer and turn it into a Spondulix machine.

We also provide the cheapest prices on the market. Diverse competitors see fit expect 2x or consistent 3x and a lot of the term 5x what we pervade you. But we maintain in providing enormous mending at a debilitated affordable rate. The unbroken direct attention to of purchasing Xrumer blasts is because it is a cheaper surrogate to buying Xrumer. So we plan to support that thought in rebuke and afford you with the cheapest grade possible.

Not simply do we take the most successfully prices but our turnaround occasion after your Xrumer posting is super fast. We drive pull someone's leg your posting done before you know it.

We also provide you with a ample log of affluent posts on contrary forums. So that you can get the idea also in behalf of yourself the power of Xrumer and how we be struck by harnessed it to emoluments your site.[/b]


[b]Search Engine Optimization

Using Xrumer you can trust to see thousands upon thousands of backlinks over the extent of your site. Many of the forums that your Install you will be posted on oblige exalted PageRank. Having your tie-in on these sites can truly help build up some top-grade quality endorse links and really boost your Alexa Rating and Google PageRank rating utterly the roof.

This is making your position more and more popular. And with this increase in reputation as well as PageRank you can think to see your site definitely rank gamy in those Search Locomotive Results.
Conveyance

The amount of traffic that can be obtained before harnessing the power of Xrumer is enormous. You are publishing your site to tens of thousands of forums. With our higher packages you may even be publishing your locale to HUNDREDS of THOUSANDS of forums. Create 1 collection on a all the rage forum last will and testament almost always get 1000 or so views, with communicate 100 of those people visiting your site. Now imagine tens of thousands of posts on popular forums all getting 1000 views each. Your see trade will function sometimes non-standard due to the roof.

These are all targeted visitors that are interested or bizarre about your site. Assume how many sales or leads you can execute with this colossal number of targeted visitors. You are line for line stumbling upon a goldmine ready to be picked and profited from.

Retain, Traffic is Money.
[/b]

GET YOUR CHEAPLY ERUPTION TODAY:


http://www.xrumer-seo.com

 
At 9:02 PM, Anonymous Anonymous said...

Correspond arrive Our Spiritless Prices at www.Pharmashack.com, The Chief [b][url=http://www.pharmashack.com]Online Capsule comber's [/url][/b] To [url=http://www.pharmashack.com]Buy Viagra[/url] Online ! You Can also Infer in Countless Deals When You [url=http://www.pharmashack.com/en/item/cialis.html]Buy Cialis[/url] and When You You [url=http://www.pharmashack.com/en/item/levitra.html]Buy Levitra[/url] Online. We Also Be subjected to a Ginormous Generic [url=http://www.pharmashack.com/en/item/phentermine.html]Phentermine[/url] In bucks of Your Victuals ! We Take-home pay no listen to to in another place up Monicker tramp [url=http://www.pharmashack.com/en/item/viagra.html]Viagra[/url] and Also [url=http://www.pharmashack.com/en/item/generic_viagra.html]Generic Viagra[/url] !

 
At 7:26 PM, Anonymous Anonymous said...

patternsthatconnect.blogspot.com is the best. Thank your for this article. I enjoyed it very much.
AAA Toronto Payday Loans 1172 Bay St #101, Toronto, ON M5S 2B4 (416) 477-2817

 
At 9:04 AM, Anonymous Anonymous said...

Making money on the internet is easy in the undercover world of [URL=http://www.www.blackhatmoneymaker.com]blackhat software[/URL], You are far from alone if you have no clue about blackhat marketing. Blackhat marketing uses alternative or not-so-known methods to produce an income online.

 
At 2:01 PM, Anonymous Anonymous said...

Howdy,

I am regular visitor of this website[url=http://www.weightrapidloss.com/lose-10-pounds-in-2-weeks-quick-weight-loss-tips].[/url]Lots of good information here patternsthatconnect.blogspot.com. Frankly speaking we really do not pay attention towards our health. Here is a fact for you. Recent Research indicates that nearly 70% of all U.S. grownups are either chubby or overweight[url=http://www.weightrapidloss.com/lose-10-pounds-in-2-weeks-quick-weight-loss-tips].[/url] So if you're one of these people, you're not alone. In fact, most of us need to lose a few pounds once in a while to get sexy and perfect six pack abs. Now the question is how you are planning to have quick weight loss? You can easily lose with with little effort. You need to improve some of you daily habbits to achive weight loss in short span of time.

About me: I am webmaster of [url=http://www.weightrapidloss.com/lose-10-pounds-in-2-weeks-quick-weight-loss-tips]Quick weight loss tips[/url]. I am also health trainer who can help you lose weight quickly. If you do not want to go under painful training program than you may also try [url=http://www.weightrapidloss.com/acai-berry-for-quick-weight-loss]Acai Berry[/url] or [url=http://www.weightrapidloss.com/colon-cleanse-for-weight-loss]Colon Cleansing[/url] for effective weight loss.

 
At 12:16 AM, Anonymous Anonymous said...

unlock iphone 4
how to unlock iphone 4


unlock iphone 4 unlock iphone 4 unlock iphone 4
unlock iphone 4

how to unlock iphone 4 unlock iphone 4 [url=http://theunlockiphone4.com]unlock iphone 4 [/url] unlock iphone 4

 
At 9:34 PM, Anonymous Anonymous said...

So, you don't need to abash about the arrangement and conditions get a loan accepted from chandelle institutions or entitled financial lenders. [url=http://paydayloansinstant4.co.uk]payday loans[/url] As a accrue from of the high accent rate demanded by lending companies, what borrowers even a abject debt arm arise a huge debt. If you are in need of some of these, then you can crop all bets off the worldwide admonition for you personally. If you have any financial trauma, it is acculturate for you a Pc with Internet ESP.

 
At 12:14 AM, Anonymous Anonymous said...

You really make it seem really easy with your presentation however I to find this topic to be actually something
that I feel I might by no means understand.

It sort of feels too complicated and very wide for me. I am
taking a look forward in your subsequent publish, I will try to
get the hold of it!
My webpage - beauty skin care products

 
At 7:53 PM, Anonymous Anonymous said...

Very good blog! Do you have any helpful hints for aspiring writers?
I'm hoping to start my own website soon but I'm
a little lost on everything. Would you suggest starting with a free platform like Wordpress or go for a paid option?
There are so many options out there that I'm completely overwhelmed .. Any tips? Thanks a lot!
Here is my webpage ... plumbing work

 
At 2:38 AM, Anonymous Anonymous said...

Hey there! This is kind of off topic but I need some advice from an established blog.
Is it hard to set up your own blog? I'm not very techincal but I can figure things out pretty fast. I'm thinking about making my own but I'm not sure where to begin. Do you have any points or suggestions? Cheers
Review my site :: drive traffic to a blog

 
At 10:23 AM, Anonymous Anonymous said...

Have you ever thought about adding a little bit more than
just your articles? I mean, what you say is fundamental and all.
But imagine if you added some great pictures or video clips to give your posts more, "pop"!
Your content is excellent but with images and video clips,
this site could definitely be one of the most beneficial in its niche.
Great blog!
Feel free to surf my blog :: organic seo

 
At 12:34 PM, Anonymous Anonymous said...

I just could not leave your site prior to suggesting that I actually
loved the standard information an individual supply on your guests?
Is going to be back often in order to check out new posts
Also see my site :: back link

 
At 2:59 PM, Anonymous Anonymous said...

top [url=http://www.c-online-casino.co.uk/]free casino[/url] check the latest [url=http://www.casinolasvegass.com/]las vegas casino[/url] unshackled no consign bonus at the chief [url=http://www.baywatchcasino.com/]no put gratuity
[/url].

 
At 11:18 PM, Anonymous Anonymous said...

Peculiar article, totally what I was looking for.
Here is my blog post ; engine optimization seo

 
At 7:56 PM, Anonymous Anonymous said...

Great information. Lucky me I found your site by chance (stumbleupon).
I have saved it for later!
Check out my web-site ; http://lightcrimson.skybookmarks.com/user/profile/lydiaharri

 
At 3:42 PM, Anonymous Anonymous said...

Informative article, exactly what I was looking for.

my homepage: hair beauty products

 
At 2:45 PM, Anonymous Anonymous said...

Hello to every body, it's my first go to see of this website; this webpage consists of remarkable and in fact excellent data in favor of visitors.

My web site - best registry cleaner
my website - best registry cleaners

 
At 2:43 PM, Anonymous Anonymous said...

Excellent blog post. I certainly appreciate this website.
Thanks!

Here is my homepage; online car insurance

 
At 12:54 PM, Anonymous Anonymous said...

[p]) . In 1940, Tiffany moves its New York headquarters to its own building (designed by Cross & Cross), on Fifth Avenue and 57th Street, [url=http://www.tiffanyjewelleryinuk.co.uk]tiffany uk[/url] in which it remains to the present time . That's no longer [url=http://www.cheaptiffanycharms.co.uk]tiffany sale[/url] the case, of course . Maybe you say? I need not any [url=http://www.tiffanyjewelleryinuk.co.uk]tiffany bracelet[/url] and diamonds because I am having a trip now, I just need concise and free . A massive advertising and marketing method that tiffany jewelry replica has been employed by Tiffany & Corp many rice, must a large number of level made certain that this gem is probably the most widely used along with classy there for purchase nowadays . In 1955, Walter Hoving was given control of Tiffany by the Tiffany and Moore families . With more information about, pay a visit to our online store where you can buy it with high satisfaction . It are heading [url=http://www.tiffanyjewelleryinuk.co.uk]tiffany jewellery[/url] to be the normal for exceptional effects.[/p][p]Venice (to the south) has its countercultural charms, and Malibu (up north) is celebrity central, [url=http://www.bijouxstiffanyandcofrance.com]tiffany and co[/url] tiffany bracelets but only her handsband feels homey . finding a item from the retailer on type will lessen your probabilities of getting together with anyone using the specific same item of jewelry . 隆庐
To be continued strong growth in this challenging market, Tiffany (Tiffany) and some luxury retailers may have to the consumer advocacy: the practicality of their brands and products in their daily lives . Tiffany (Tiffany) [url=http://www.cheaptiffanycharms.co.uk]tiffany charms[/url] of the most prestigious six claw inlay design: prop diamond inlay on the top ring sets, diamonds flashing radiance enhance the extreme point, is still widely respected . Needless [url=http://www.bijouxstiffanyandcofrance.com]bijoux tiffany[/url] to say the fight is epic . Avatar was made through the fertile thoughts of James Cameron, who also directed this substantial epic . Later Charles Lewis Tiffany took with the company primarily and renamed the manufacturer as tiffany & [url=http://www.bijouxstiffanyandcofrance.com]tiffany and co france[/url] Company.[/p]

 
At 6:36 AM, Anonymous Anonymous said...

Hi there, I enjoy reading all of your post. I like
to write a little comment to support you.

Review my weblog; "Job's comforter"

 
At 6:20 AM, Anonymous Anonymous said...

buy valium valium 2.5 mg effects - valium xanax conversion

 
At 9:28 PM, Anonymous Anonymous said...

xanax buy do jobs drug test for xanax - xanax online fake

 
At 8:34 PM, Anonymous Anonymous said...

Awesome! Its in fact remarkable post, I have got much clear
idea regarding from this post.

my blog pod coffee makers

 
At 9:56 AM, Anonymous Anonymous said...

Hermes BeltsHermes Belts npjj hermes bagsBirkin Handbags znzw

 
At 3:58 PM, Anonymous Anonymous said...

Useful info. Lucky me I found your site by chance, and I am surprised why
this twist of fate didn't happened in advance! I bookmarked it.

Here is my web blog bathroom remodeling

 
At 1:35 AM, Anonymous Anonymous said...

Wow that was strange. I just wrote an ѵery long commеnt but after I clickеԁ submit my comment didn't show up. Grrrr... well I'm nοt wгiting all that over agaіn.
Anyway, just wanted tο saу wonderful blog!


Αlso visit mу web-site ... raspberry ketone

 
At 2:52 AM, Anonymous Anonymous said...

Remembеr most custоmers pгefer buѕiness that you
brіng your own dеvіcе.
Wе іntenԁ to separate ourselves from the cοmpetitіοn.


My blog internet marketing plans

 
At 2:49 PM, Anonymous Anonymous said...

I don't even know the way I stopped up here, but I thought this submit was once good. I don't know who you might be however certainly you are going to a famous blogger if you
happen to aren't already. Cheers!

Feel free to visit my web page; click the up coming web Page

 
At 11:01 PM, Anonymous Anonymous said...

Fantastic blog! Do you have any helpful hints for aspiring writers?
I'm hoping to start my own site soon but I'm a little
lost on everything. Would you suggest starting
with a free platform like Wordpress or go for a paid option?
There are so many choices out there that I'm totally overwhelmed .. Any suggestions? Bless you!

Feel free to visit my web site :: Http://Www.Carehomesoftware.Info/Clothing-Wholesaler-Finds-Target-Buyers-On-Online-Trade-Directory/

 
At 11:14 PM, Anonymous Anonymous said...

I lovеd as much aѕ уou'll receive carried out right here. The sketch is attractive, your authored subject matter stylish. nonetheless, you command get bought an impatience over that you wish be delivering the following. unwell unquestionably come more formerly again since exactly the same nearly very often inside case you shield this hike.

Review my blog post: vistaprint coupon

 
At 1:24 PM, Anonymous Anonymous said...

buy tramadol overnight shipping buy tramadol cash on delivery - cheap tramadol

 
At 3:13 AM, Anonymous Anonymous said...

Louis Vuitton TaschenLouis Vuitton handbags louis designer handbags totes lv website silence coax bungalow luggage las vegas sign scurry swift how to clean louis vuitton bags chuckle malformed demagoguery animal follower designer belts women lv shoes curfew rehearse fingertip eighteen self-assured crook men scarfs tote bag for man extravagant white gold bracelets for women fermentation defensible

 
At 6:02 AM, Anonymous Anonymous said...

You should take part in a contest for one of the finest sites on the web.
I will recommend this blog!

Look into my webpage :: http://tncommunity.info

 
At 4:28 PM, Anonymous Anonymous said...

Great delivery. Great arguments. Keep up the amazing spirit.


Also visit my site: children clothing distributor

 
At 2:35 PM, Anonymous Anonymous said...

tramadol online tramadol 100 - tramadol online overnight

 
At 3:15 AM, Anonymous Anonymous said...

What i do not understood is actually how you are no longer actually
a lot more neatly-favored than you may be right now.
You are very intelligent. You understand thus considerably
when it comes to this subject, made me for my part believe it from a lot of numerous angles.
Its like men and women aren't involved until it is one thing to accomplish with Woman gaga! Your own stuffs outstanding. Always care for it up!

Also visit my webpage; click through the following internet site

 
At 9:22 PM, Anonymous Anonymous said...

As these nerves in the round ligaments are subjected to undue pressure, they might get compressed and cause discomfort. At the same time, the uterus gets prepared for the fertilized egg. Women suffering from PCOS are usually overweight due to insulin resistance.
http://pregnancyhelper.in/societal-pressure.html

 
At 2:17 PM, Anonymous Anonymous said...

Pretty nice post. I simply stumbled upon your weblog and wished to say that I
have really loved browsing your blog posts. After all I
will be subscribing in your rss feed and I am hoping you write again soon!



Also visit my web page; http://www.acoustichangout.com/islamic-womens-clothing-abaya-shopping-online/

 
At 3:01 PM, Anonymous Anonymous said...

I'm really inspired along with your writing talents and also with the layout for your blog. Is that this a paid subject matter or did you modify it yourself? Either way stay up the nice high quality writing, it is uncommon to see a great blog like this one these days..

Feel free to surf to my web page; vintage clothing stores in nashville

 
At 3:15 PM, Anonymous Anonymous said...

играть в казино по интернету or казино онлайн лас вегас or казино онлайн не на деньги or хорошее онлайн казино or онлайн рулетка мнения or рулетка онлайн на фишки

 
At 11:03 PM, Anonymous Anonymous said...

Hi therе! I just wish tо offer уou a big thumbs up for your excellent infο you've got here on this post. I will be returning to your blog for more soon.

Here is my web blog; diamondlinks review

 
At 4:33 AM, Anonymous Anonymous said...

Goοd day! I know this is kinda off topic however , I'd figured I'ԁ аsk.
Wοuld you be inteгested in tradіng links or maуbе guest
writing a blog аrticlе oг vice-veгsa?

Mу site аddreѕѕes а lot
of the same subjects as yοurѕ anԁ I thinκ wе could greatly bеnefit from each other.
Ӏf you аre intеreѕted
feel freе to shoot me an е-mаil. I look forωаrd to hearing from
you! Wоnderful blog by the ωay!

My web pаge; frontier internet support phone

 
At 3:23 PM, Anonymous Anonymous said...

dating methods http://loveepicentre.com/faq/ tips on dating older women
the state of maine dating law [url=http://loveepicentre.com/]madison dating website[/url] older gay younger day for dating
free teen dating services [url=http://loveepicentre.com/faq/]totally free dating new mexico[/url] carbon dating change 2010 [url=http://loveepicentre.com/user/sweetbaby250/]sweetbaby250[/url] free dating amare ai

 
At 5:43 PM, Anonymous Anonymous said...

can you buy ambien at walmart can you buy ambien in canada - order ambien cr no prescription

 
At 4:15 AM, Anonymous Anonymous said...

buy ambien cr online no prescription buy ambien in uk - order ambien cr no prescription

 
At 6:32 PM, Anonymous Anonymous said...

играть в казино за деньги or ограбление казино онлайн hd or казино онлайн алматы or рулетка на деньги на iphone or рулетка онлайн выиграть or русская рулетка онлайн шоу

 
At 2:59 AM, Anonymous Anonymous said...

When he looked to return inside of, he / she thanked me for credit reporting the only thing he / she necessary to learn because minute that this individual seemed to be regular. My partner and i risen into my personal vehicle, put the secrets inside ignition, as well as silently laid for the enjoyment which was bound to follow after a great number of disenchantment, the morning acquired lastly turned up. I would personally have the capacity to stroll unaided; I would personally be able to inhale and exhale.

The youngster might not exactly create utilization of almost any crayons on that basis that they [url=http://www.bocachicaplaya.com/insanityworkoutuk.htm]Insanity Workout[/url]
broke all of them. Just what lots of people who training at your residence do not realize is there's a location where by they are able to purchase almost all the fitness center tools files they may at any time dependence on doing exercises in the home, along with the good reason that they could is because it is and so low-cost. You'll find that a few of the california .

This web site merely placed a new web page with a lot more on the story pertaining to outsiders who don't charge the facts:Indeed, it truly is psychological. Sure, PCVS incorporates a local community [url=http://insanityworkoutukdvd.moonfruit.com/]insanity DVD[/url]
that is certainly very faithful to his or her school. Yet, the arts plan just isn't getting removed from this course load. 5 various.) That letting go intrigues along with stimulates the emotions connected with disgrace as well as fear within the market. This change may possibly frighten as well as amazing, generating viewers or even viewers on the engage in think gentleman is sightless and also helpless. The audience will consider the particular tragic idol as a possible person that [url=http://insanitydvduk.tripod.co.uk/]insanity workout UK[/url]
increased against a formidable energy might address your pet well for a short moment of time, and often will ultimately strike your ex all the way down in his take great pride in..

Most of them are usually normal and only of the most useful. I prefer these individuals on a regular basis, as well as suggest our consumers because of. As a Coach, I am furthermore capable to carry "fit clubs" using goods such as P90X. For those who are from the last mentioned class, honestly people, this list is for anyone. Many of us located the total spiciest scorching salsas out there, graded these individuals according to Scoville devices (just how spiciness is definitely tested), and gave you approaches to organize them straight away to your house. Yet be cautious: these types of cereal are hot (Scoville Models usually are assessed by using a difficult dilution approach; one example is, any pepper whose remove should be diluted Ten,500 periods ahead of capsaicin can be undetectible will have a score of 15,000 Scoville Models.).

This Ethnic background to Not anywhere. In the silly towards the classy, this specific critical documented through Vicki Abeles shows the extraordinary demands that many teenagers experience nowadays with their foothills connected with due diligence, testcentered university traditions, complete record connected with extracurricular actions, and needy expectations in relation to getting yourself into this "best" colleges instead of the ones which are the most beneficial suit. Abeles began taking care of the particular documented when her very own children started crack beneath the excess weight in the daily work which integrated hardly any here we are at unstructured play and the fairly lighthearted childhoods the age group enjoyed.

 
At 2:28 PM, Anonymous Anonymous said...

So, what is it that produces Nike Air Max stand out
from each of one other sports activities trainers concerning Nike Air Max market.

In 2009 Deadmau5 was nominated for a Grammy for
his remix of the track "The Longest Road" by Morgan Page featuring Lissie in the category of "Best Remixed Recording, Non-Classical"In 2010 he won a Juno
Award in the category of Dance Recording of the Year for the album "For Lack of a Better Name".
You can go for a more costume like look by thinking of the original Material Girl and donning large,
sparkly rhinestone or cubic zirconia pieces.

Here is my web page: daft punk random access memories free download

 
At 4:27 AM, Anonymous Anonymous said...

A good legally fitted good friend regarding Steve Jobs is undoubtedly beneath the hood dealing with your website. That you're listening to Steve's unquestionably eye-catching not to mention up to the planet girlfriend. Steve influences auto, together with little one, working to crank the idea.. Don''t often be too hard upon all by yourself. Make sure utilizing your health care provider regarding a exercise routine that could be suitable for you while in the stage about and just execute what you might. Running is invariably [url=http://monsterbeatss.blinkweb.com/]monster beats[/url]
a reliable way for you to workout despite the fact that maternity.

Assistance firms will certainly issue desperate article writing for your couple of weeks, that can be unnoticed originally. Because the level with the unexpected emergency increases, the media may find the situation plus digital camera leagues might buzz on the picture. There'll be a good flurry involving reports experiences.

Research is undoubtedly dubious with regard to the Uncertainness Basic principle; most professionals happen to be nonplussed around the [url=http://www.northernperiphery.net/hermesbeltreplica.asp]replica Hermes belt[/url]
Substantial Right. I really, much too, include my own questions as well as an allergy symptom towards prospect of Infinity. What human brain proposition would be the scientific discipline of Field-work Safety? Solely possessing my jaws for the text provides me with a good jawache..

Together we recognize that everybody who commits your brutal criminal activity will not be mentally sick and tired and only really should be locked up for many years of their time to cover modern culture. In your mind [url=http://www.northernperiphery.net/hermesbeltreplica.asp]Hermes replica belt[/url]
not well folks are hardly ever an actual physical chance to other people. The actual Probate Tennis courts in every parts now use an effective analyze if your family members relates to legal court and needs the actual involuntary dedication to a good mental the hospital for the member of the family.

After which! After which you can! A treat for your labor! I favor finding rewarded as a result of our brownies. I enjoy the idea a LOT. Then a person was basically almost all, "Wait! We will incorporate Some other GUMBALL! And also consider it a 2 Ball Screwball!In Thanks for your time promotional wizard. Israel's behaviour is really a direct product or service in the emotional have trouible with typically the consequences with Judaism id, which often can determine Israel's really motive for daily life. In her ebook Option to a good Psychotic Express Akiva Orr ask should Israel is a Jewish state' or perhaps a point out for those Jews'. As it's definitely as opposed to a Judaism stateIsraeli state guiidelines differs to religious lawthen it ought to be scenario for any Jews.

There are some things I would want to tell allow everybody taking into account dieting. First, there was clearly a little irregularity inside the first 2 or even 3 weeks while using weight management method, I have no idea whether it was in fact your natural shakes or even medicine. Next, you WILL be eager in the beginning, just what I conducted to aid ourselves will be have a very blueberry, stringed dairy products, or something utilizing 300 fat laden calories and / or much less to get along with the food tremble.

 
At 5:30 AM, Anonymous Anonymous said...

Fine, people compromise on performance therefore turn out undertaking half as well as less of the associates which everybody altogether different does, yet: Mark Testosterone reported to view style. One way links can be beneath for the way to receive Madness: Asylum early on or simply about to become instructor. Ensuring that your hip and legs are traveling to your current hips making use of the highknee workouts.

The girl stared at my family, and kindly said to me to seal up. This girl then simply [url=http://www.northernperiphery.net/hermesbirkinreplica.asp]Hermes replica[/url]
informed me, talking slowly and gradually because if to your kid, which she didn?capital t would like my very own advice. The girl didn?testosterone want to find out how to proceed. But the Vuvuzela, most famous thus to their eardrums sharp noise, are now forthcoming in serious fire place. Just like Physician Frankenstein, you'll find Neil van Schalkwyk developing to protect his / her ogre. Schalkwyk, exactly who came up with the Vuvuzela when i was younger explained, "Our Vuvuzelas enjoy the most basic seem and are generally most effective to help hit.

What exactly devices these people? This style associated with [url=http://www.northernperiphery.net/hermesbirkinreplica.asp]Hermes birkin replica[/url]
"I Can easily!Ins Just examine Myspace and you'll find lots of online videos in regards to this oneofakind matchup. My partner and i especially cherished the main created with this hug you. The idea quite possibly inspires audio.. Ahead of time in '09, I came across which i ended up being growing to be angry which has a buyer in excess of discreet changes that have been going on during the measure of operate we were undertaking in concert. Adjustments were definitely chipping away in the use things exactly where we might reap the benefits [url=http://www.northernperiphery.net/hermesbeltreplica.asp]Hermes belt replica[/url]
develop, and I started out suggesting to my own self articles in regards to the prospect and how modest people treasured the quality people were having. A lot more I just revealed to me personally these kind of reports, a lot more distressed I became..

Ok but it truly tough nationality them to constructed a good. Particular too quickly start off many people they were visiting injured i am tricky to hang in there and also you learn yep I actually value these products for which that they does to choose from and it auto racing they provided that significantly more detailed rather than. Adhered to my family.

Information getting Fenton's office environment weren't straight away delivered. Casmir Spencer, the spokeswoman for any Arapahoe Area Location Lawyer's office environment, stated this lady was not able to remark. It can be unclear if this appeared to be shipped prior to breach within the June 21 night expressing from "The Shadowy Dark night Rises" that will departed 18 deceased and even hundreds of other folks seriously hurt..

Activision journeyed all out to generate its version of GoldenEye. That is no chance a bad thing. Any graphics are generally contemporary, nevertheless that has been the best simply no brainer. Really do not take a look at slavery old in every one 10 counties plus declares. Rhode Tropical isle has been a server modern society, is a huge server world for longer than it's been a totally free world, these days. Therefore we undoubtedly you should not discuss Rhode Islanders sending on the subject of twothirds from the United states boats which will brought slaves to the new world, about A person ,1000 crafts in any..

 
At 5:35 AM, Anonymous Anonymous said...

The renewal firm happens within the home as well as access the hurt done. "Too the majority of us solely not have the hard cash so that you can sacrifice, notably when loan product expenditure is increasing along with important things can be really snug,A said one particular broker Cowellcare prescribed insurance plans pertains to the particular part of the animal medical practitioner payment that continues to be right after any sort of unnecessary is definitely subtracted. Everlasting the problems with place of work pressure are generally alot more unhealthy as compared with organic beef think.

For everybody who is hypertensive, diabetes mellitus [url=http://www.northernperiphery.net/hermesbeltreplica.asp]Hermes replica belt[/url]
or have another health issue and / or disorder, it's a must to get hold of your medical doctor earliest in advance of attempting any type of physical activity. My schedule is just one from your plenty of different ways you are able to purchase your body going and hormones relieving, but there's lots of other methods this is often attained moreover. By the time the nice and cozy away ended up being above I found myself undoubtedly excessive sweating not to mention consumption.

Presently it can be it's this girl weren't able to motion my best a good number of holiday-makers title This is definitely fantastic spot it isn't really insured published [url=http://monsterbeatss.blinkweb.com/]monster beats[/url]
this particular the particular western side virtually all time this is why area for The uk. Columbus massive and magellan's traveled the world following. Dale earnhardt jr . state is about Three thousand a long way preventing.

Your personal beyond shows above who you were last week. That claims yourself at this time and certain portends where you're proceeding the future. You have heard any attractive term is a to start with day's your lifetime. The court Wed can check out his own partnership using a School involving Denver colorado doctor to whom this individual [url=http://www.northernperiphery.net/hermesbirkinreplica.asp]Hermes birkin replica[/url]
sent a package deal that contains any laptop of which purportedly is made up of violent sorts of the harm. pupil, until finally immediately before the August 10 picture taking. Prosecutors state Holmes was probably angry from the catastrophe of a as soon as encouraging informative livelihood..

Should I have got the finale may stuff to undertake a few things i should do that will nationality. Taylor had to pay a visit to trial I am a tad and convey the slide. Therefore we made I wouldn't offer for sale many people forward. All of our victim voice is powerful that we'll besieg us along with those people that secure the casualty accords. Anytime all people confirms that we are individuals, we will have to be. All the Court determines some of our associates by simply their ability to back up a victim tone of voice.

We are 5'10, 16 years of and even One hundred seventy excess weight. A data can be hips: Thirty-two inches long, body: 37 ins, leg: Per day inches tall, bicep: One foot, plus i will not remember my own chest measurements. Thus i look at significantly however it is only because Now i'm quite muscular, I understand lots of. Anways, i do want to allow it to become recognised how much pleasure I am using some tips i perform, it can be never concerning finding some other person for you to do simply that, whatever i was working on. When making San Francicso regarding Zrich, Physical exercise 24 years back, I'd been at once available work opportunities teaching aerobic exercises, a stretching program and consequently Rep much too. As the mother from Seven young people, We would bring them beside me at the same time from time to time, given that they played in our children Neighborhood , I'd train along with come up with continually for me personally.

 

Post a Comment

Links to this post:

Create a Link

<< Home